All about Serums for Winters – Retinol, Vitamin-C, AHA-BHA and More!
- By Adrija Banerjee , November 30, 2021
Cozy blankets, a warm mug of coffee, and your glowing, radiant skin – can winters get any better? Moisturization is the key to achieving healthy and balanced skin. From ensuring water retention in your skin to adding an additional layer of protection in the form of creams, serums and moisturizers, the whole winter skincare routine has to get switched up a little in order to maintain a healthy and radiant skin texture. From cracks, peels, and dry skin to red frostbites; it is never an easy job to find out just the correct product for your skin type at one go. However, with serums entering the Indian market, we now have more than one type of product for almost every skin type and concern. When chosen correctly according to the weather it can help in keeping your skin healthy, nourished, and glowing. Mindlessly piling on lotions and other “tempting” fancy launches will not work out in the long run as they will only stay on your skin for a short amount of time. A long-term remedy for soft and supple skin in winters includes understanding the product type and what is it exactly used for, along with your skin type.
As the season turns colder, the pores in our skin shrink, which in turn acts as a barrier in the dermal cells self-cleaning action. This reduces sebum production which also acts as a natural moisturizer. The cold weather can also disrupt the natural defense barrier of our skin. The acid mantle which is formed with a combination of sebum, skin, and sweat protects our skin from various bacteria, viruses, and irritants from penetrating into the layers of our face. However, when the temperature drops, the acid mantle gets disrupted which in turn makes our skin extremely sensitive in comparison to the entire year. The only solution to combat all of these issues is to keep our skin optimally hydrated and serums play a big role in that. A plump and soft well-moisturized skin also helps in flawless makeup application for all your winter parties. Today we list down 5 serums that are easily available in the Indian market and their benefits for the winter season.
1. Hyaluronic Acid is an Excellent Humectant
Not all serums are the same! Depending upon their formulation, serums have various purposes for every skin type. Most of the creams/lotions/serums are majorly made up of three elements which are – Humectants, emollients, and occlusives. A Humectant is one of the best ingredients which helps in retaining the moisture of your skin. They have a unique hydrophilic quality which brings in moisture from the environment into the dermal cells of your skin. Hyaluronic acid is an excellent humectant for the winter season. Use a few drops of the product before going to bed and wake up with fresh, plump skin. Hyaluronic acid can reduce wrinkles and fine lines while making your skin appear youthful and plump by increasing its water content. This serum also helps in rapid wound healing by regulating inflammation and promoting tissue regeneration.
2. Squalane is a Popular Emollient
Emollients cannot bring in moisture on their own. However, they can spread on the skin’s surface and trap in the already existing moisture and prevent it from drying out. They help to soothe, soften and plump up the skin. Largely, there are two types of emollients- oil and water-based. The oil-based emollients are good for extremely dry, dehydrated, and parched skin as the texture is a bit on the heavier side, whereas the water-based one is lighter and gel-based which makes it a perfect product for oily to combination skin types. Squalane has gained huge popularity in recent times due to its mild and lightweight texture in serums. This makes it a perfect addition to your winter skincare pamper kit. Squalane makes the skin firm and healthier. It also has an antioxidant property, which helps in fighting the free radicals present in the skin, while slowing down the aging process.
3. Vitamin –C for Brighter, Glowing skin
If you are an absolute skincare lover, then I am sure you have heard of the vitamin-c serum range which is blowing up the market. It is regarded as one of the best hydrating, glowing, boosting, and anti-aging products in current times. It is also known to reduce acne scars, hyperpigmentation, patchy skin, and uneven tone. This one bottle is known to be a miracle product for many. It is also known to combat sunburn and tanning. In winters, even after liberal sunscreen application, the harsh ultra-violet rays can cause external damage to the outer layer of the skin which can lead to long-term issues like rosacea, allergies, and more. Add a bottle of vitamin-c serum to your daily skincare routine and watch the magic happen.
4. AHA-BHA for that Extra “TLC”
Alpha-Hydroxy-Acids (AHAs) are a group of animal and plant-derived acids that are used in multiple skincare and beauty products. They are widely found in serums, creams, toners, moisturizers as well as concentrated treatments such as chemical peels.
There are seven types of AHA’s which are most commonly used in the skincare and beauty industry
- Glycolic acid (sugar cane)
- Hydroxycaprylic acid (animals)
- Lactic acid (from lactose and carbohydrates)
- Tartaric acid (grapes)
- Citric acid (citrus)
- Hydroxycaproic acid (royal jelly)
- Malic acid (fruits)
AHAs are used to exfoliate, boost collagen and promote blood flow, improve fine lines, wrinkles, discoloration, spots, scars, and prevent acne. It also brightens your skin and increases product absorption.
Beta-Hydroxy-Acid (BHA) is another commonly used acid that is found in the form of serums in the skincare market. BHA is primarily derived from one source – Salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is excellent for oily skin. It helps in exfoliation, unclogging pores, removing excess oil and bacteria from the surface, and repairing discoloration from ultraviolet rays. BHA’s are a little gentle in nature as compared to AHA’s and hence it is recommended for sensitive skin types. This winter season, add a few drops of these serums according to your skin type and watch the transformation happen.
5. Retinol to the Rescue
While some people say that retinol has destroyed their skin, others have sworn upon how magically transformative the usage of this product has been. So what exactly is retinol? To answer it simply, retinol is a derivative of Vitamin-A, known as retinoid, which is suitable for applying topically on the skin. While low-strength retinoid can be found in serums and creams which are available over the counter in any drugstore, other stronger versions like “Tretinoin” can be prescribed by a doctor. Retinol has multiple uses and when applied carefully, it can work wonders for the skin. As one ages, the cell turnover and collagen production turn low. When retinol serums are applied, it brings your skin cells and functions back to a more youthful state. Retinol serums also keep your pores unclogged to prevent any random zit pop-ups. Maintaining the skin’s elasticity is also a huge concern, especially in winters and Retinol can undoubtedly fix it up through timely usage and application.
We hope that this winter season, your skin will be as flawless and smooth as your perfectly curated skincare kit which comprises all these essential serums. Which one of these are your favorites? We would absolutely love to know!